Category: Drive Issues

Check TRIM for SSDs under Windows
article #969, updated 261 days ago

Here’s a tool. Run this once as administrator on the drive to check, wait 20 seconds and do it again, and if it says you’re good, you are.

http://files.thecybershadow.net/trimcheck/

Categories:   Drive Issues   

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NTFS autorepair
article #930, updated 376 days ago

We can control the autorepair facility in NTFS, with fsutil repair. Under Windows 8/2012 it will list entries of a volume’s corruption log, initiate repair, query and set the self-healing state, query the corruption state, and wait for repairs to complete.

Categories:   Drive Issues   

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Tweaking the Windows File System
article #847, updated 376 days ago

The command is FSUTIL.

https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc753059.aspx

The following usages enhance speed. There are caveats for each.

  • Don’t do this if you use compression :-)
    FSUTIL behavior set disablecompression 1
  • Don’t do this if you use Microsoft built-in encryption!
    FSUTIL behavior set disableencryption 1
  • This one interferes with some backup and file-sync systems.
    FSUTIL behavior set disablelastaccess 1
  • This will interfere with very old software, or software whose updates do not comply with Microsoft’s recommended practices, especially involving DOS-style short filenames.
    FSUTIL behavior set disable8dot3 1
  • Designates more RAM for disk cache. Only use if you have ample RAM. Default is zero, 1 is an option.
    FSUTIL behavior set memoryusage 2

This one may decrease speed a tad, but should increase reliability. Does not work with system drives, it is unclear as to why.
FSUTIL resource setconsistent E:\

This one resets NTFS transaction logs at reboot, this can eliminate many issues of filesystem slowdown over time which have to do with a kind of corruption which CHKDSK does not catch.
fsutil resource setautoreset true c:\

This one reserves more disk space for file tables; can be 1, 2, 3, or 4. Makes handling of large quantities of files more efficient. Unfortunately only helps for partitions created after the setting is made.
FSUTIL behavior set mftzone 4

Categories:   Drive Issues   NTFS

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Full wipe and recreate of the NTFS transaction record for a system drive
article #848, updated 586 days ago

Here is a procedure which reportedly does a full wipe and recreate of the NTFS transaction record for a system drive. The commands below need to be run in an administrative CMD, then the machine rebooted. ‘setautoreset’ tells the system to do a smaller-scale reset at every boot, it is not known whether there is any reason to set it back to ‘false’ after the reboot is complete. The procedure appears to be able to eliminate some extremely stubborn Windows Update errors, as well as alleviating some situations where NTFS volumes become very slow in accessability. Setting setautoreset to true, all by itself with a reboot, has been seen to help quite a lot too.

fsutil resource setautoreset true %SystemDrive%\

attrib -r -s -h %SystemRoot%\System32\Config\TxR\*
del %SystemRoot%\System32\Config\TxR\*

attrib -r -s -h %SystemRoot%\System32\SMI\Store\Machine\*
del %SystemRoot%\System32\SMI\Store\Machine\*.tm*
del %SystemRoot%\System32\SMI\Store\Machine\*.blf
del %SystemRoot%\System32\SMI\Store\Machine\*.regtrans-ms

Categories:   Drive Issues   NTFS

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Reset Windows filesystem transaction support
article #846, updated 590 days ago

Apparently, corruption in Windows filesystem transaction support will cause many different kinds of errors, ranging from IIS not starting to scheduled task creation failing to Windows updates failing. To fix this, one can do the following in an administrative command prompt:

fsutil resource setautoreset true c:\

In some circumstances it is reportedly helpful to repeat the above for E:\ and any other NTFS drive in production.

Categories:   Drive Issues   Windows OS-Level Issues

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Seagate Drive Warranty Checks
article #481, updated 1639 days ago

If you have a Seagate hard drive and want to find out whether it is under warranty, try this:

http://support.seagate.com/customer/en-US/warranty_validation.jsp?form=0

And if you have more than one, use the Multiple Drive Form:

http://support.seagate.com/customer/en-US/warranty_validation_multi.jsp

Categories:   Drive Issues   Hardware

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Excellent S.M.A.R.T. hard drive diagnostics and warning tool: CrystalDiskInfo
article #472, updated 1656 days ago

CrystalDiskInfo:

http://crystalmark.info/software/CrystalDiskInfo/index-e.html

really hits the spot. It’s small and powerful, includes email notification, handles multiple kinds of RAID, many kinds of USB drives too.

Categories:   Drive Issues