East Coast 18.104.22.168
West Cost 22.214.171.124
East Coast 126.96.36.199
West Cost 188.8.131.52
Was just shown these, how nice of them!
Here are web sites for diagnosing DNS, Internet email, and other issues.
A very good place to test Internet email servers and servers in general exposed to the Internet at large.
DNSstuff is excellent for diagnosing DNS issues of all kinds. Most of its tools require a small subscription fee.
whatismyipaddress.com is very good for obtaining geographical and ISP information for an IP address.
is very good for testing Exchange WAN services, e.g., smartphone access, Outlook Anywhere.
Microsoft is heavily using something called GeoIP, to optimize Internet data routing for its services, including Skype, Office 365, and all of the others.
All of the code below is within ‘nslookup’, running in CMD on Windows.
The way this works, basically, is different IP sets are reported by DNS lookups, depending on the upstream DNS server being polled. So if, like many right now, you were using Google’s DNS (184.108.40.206 and 220.127.116.11) on your LAN, and did nslookup on the recommended test hostname, outlook.office365.com, you would see this:
> outlook.office365.com Server: google-public-dns-a.google.com Address: 18.104.22.168 Non-authoritative answer: Name: outlook-namsouth2.office365.com Addresses: 2603:1036:0:26::2 2603:1036:102:90::2 2603:1036:404:a4::2 2603:1036:102:107::2 2603:1036:102:b8::2 2603:1036:404:11b::2 2603:1036:404:3f::2 2603:1036:3:12e::2 2603:1036:102:3e::2 2603:1036:404:11c::2 22.214.171.124 126.96.36.199 188.8.131.52 184.108.40.206 220.127.116.11 18.104.22.168 22.214.171.124 126.96.36.199 188.8.131.52 184.108.40.206 Aliases: outlook.office365.com outlook.ha.office365.com outlook.office365.com.g.office365.com >
But on the other hand, if you were using OpenDNS (220.127.116.11/222.222), you would see this:
> outlook.office365.com Server: resolver1.opendns.com Address: 18.104.22.168 Non-authoritative answer: Name: outlook-namsouth4.office365.com Addresses: 2603:1036:d01:2::2 2603:1036:101:2::2 2a01:111:f400:31ab::2 2603:1036:902:a3::2 2603:1036:906:4d::2 2603:1036:405:2::2 2603:1036:405:15::2 2603:1036:404:67::2 2603:1036:100::2 22.214.171.124 126.96.36.199 188.8.131.52 184.108.40.206 220.127.116.11 18.104.22.168 22.214.171.124 126.96.36.199 188.8.131.52 184.108.40.206 Aliases: outlook.office365.com outlook.ha.office365.com outlook.office365.com.g.office365.com >
The most important thing to observe in the above, is that the IP set is different. And if you try pings from your test PC to each of the above IPs, you will notice major differences. In recent testing, most of Google’s results ping much slower (higher, in milliseconds) than OpenDNS’s. But we found OpenDNS’s pings noticeably slower than our current known best of breed, Level3 (220.127.116.11/4):
> outlook.office365.com Server: resolver1.level3.net Address: 18.104.22.168 Non-authoritative answer: Name: outlook-namsouth.office365.com Addresses: 2603:1036:404:16::2 2603:1036:404:b6::2 2603:1036:102:16::2 2603:1036:405:29::2 2603:1036:906:4f::2 2603:1036:d00::2 2603:1036:102:8f::2 2603:1036:405:4a::2 2603:1036:4:4c::2 22.214.171.124 126.96.36.199 188.8.131.52 184.108.40.206 220.127.116.11 18.104.22.168 22.214.171.124 126.96.36.199 188.8.131.52 Aliases: outlook.office365.com outlook.ha.office365.com outlook.office365.com.g.office365.com >
We have also noticed that the lists of IPs do not correspond to names, i.e., outlook-namsouth3 does not return the same IP list each time. So there is a lot of highly complex geographically-centered IP routing by DNS, going on, by Microsoft, and Level3 seems to cooperate best.
The upshot is, if you see any Microsoft cloud-based services being slow, hesitating, freezing up, or losing connection regularly, switch your LAN’s DNS forwarders to Level 3, and you may well knock the problem out most easily. CloudFlare’s DNS works as well if not better.
In Windows Server 2012 R1/2, 2008 R1/2, 7, Vista, and 2003 SP2 and later, whenever time is out of sync, it’s good to run the following two commands in an administrative command prompt (an ordinary command prompt for 2003SP2+):
w32tm /config "/manualpeerlist:north-america.pool.ntp.org 0.north-america.pool.ntp.org 1.north-america.pool.ntp.org 2.north-america.pool.ntp.org" /syncfromflags:MANUAL /update w32tm /resync
If the service has not been registered, the whole canole is:
w32tm /register net start w32time w32tm /config "/manualpeerlist:north-america.pool.ntp.org 0.north-america.pool.ntp.org 1.north-america.pool.ntp.org 2.north-america.pool.ntp.org" /syncfromflags:MANUAL /update w32tm /resync
Under Windows 2000, we need to go a bit more archaic:
net time /setsntp:north-america.pool.ntp.org net time /querysntp
An excellent test recommended by Watchguard:
A very good one:
Here’s the first one we saw which was HTML5 only, no Flash or Java:
Here’s a commonly used one which requires Flash:
And another which uses java:
If you are checking this for wifi, we do recommend that you check for and rectify wifi channel congestion as a next step.
Test if UDP ports are open to the Internet.
Here’s a great place to do so:
And a third, realtime:
A number of Internet tools use DNSBLs (DNS blacklists) and retrieve them by HTTP/HTTPS. Here are a number of good resources for this.