Category: Miscellaneous

Laptops for Missionaries
article #1194, updated 2205 days ago

Lately I (Jonathan) have been taking old laptops no longer worthwhile for Microsoft Windows, and setting them up for some friends of mine who travel to the Solomon Islands and Papua New Guinea and other places. They go bearing gifts, digging freshwater wells for people suffering the lack quite a lot; and they go bearing the joy of the Lord.

So far Linux Lite has been the best of several distros for the purpose. It is extremely reliable and hardware agnostic, installs quite rapidly, and has the available breadth of Ubuntu, including helpful language support, while being a very nicely lightweight OS.

Here is my install outline at this writing.

  • 32-bit DVD
  • User / user
  • Welcome:
    • Install updates
    • Install drivers
    • Install language support
      • Indonesian
      • Korean
      • Malay
  • Menu / System / Lite Software
    • Restricted Extras
    • Chromium Web Browser
  • Menu / System / Install/Remove Software
    • Xiphos
  • Xiphos Modules
    • Biblical Texts
      • English
        • ESV2011
        • ISV
        • KJVA
        • WEB
      • Central Sama
      • Chamoru
      • Kpala
      • Pohnpeian
      • Tausug
      • Uma
      • Wikang Tagalog
      • 10th from bottom: Malayam
      • Last
        • KorHKJV
        • KorRV
    • Dictionaries / English
      • AbbottSmithStrongs
      • ISBE
      • StrongsGreek
      • StrongsHebrew
      • WebstersDict
    • Commentaries / English
      • Geneva
      • TSK
  • Xiphos Index, all modules
  • Icons on desktop:
    • Firefox
    • Chromium Browser
    • Xiphos
    • Writer
    • Home Folder

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Upgrade (make visible) Snapshots in a ReadyNAS, and Delete Them
article #1147, updated 2327 days ago

When ReadyNAS firmware is upgraded, snapshots can become invisible, losing much space. To fix that:

  1. Turn on SSH, in System / Settings / Services.
  2. Using putty, SSH to root@nas , where “nas” is the IP of the NAS, using the admin password.
  3. Do this:
touch /.force_snapshots_upgrade
systemctl restart readynasd
  1. The GUI will report upgrade in progress. Wait for it.
  2. We have now fixed it so we can do things to the snapshots. Let’s make them visible in the filesystem. Browse to Shares, click on the share name (often Backup), click the gear icon on the right, and check Allow Snapshot Access, Apply and OK.
  3. We can now see them at \\NAS\Backup\snapshots. If we create a blank directory on the Windows server’s hard drive, say C:\B, and do the following, we will wipe all of the snapshots on that share and begin recovery of all of the space:
    ROBOCOPY C:\B \\NAS\Backup\snapshots /MIR /R:1 /W:1
    Full recovery of the space actually takes a bit more, there are automatic elements which initiate after the above is done, and also after the next step is done.
  4. Then we run a Balance operation which Netgear recommends. Browse to System, then Volumes, and then click the Gear icon inside the NAS object, and choose Balance. This will take a while, and more space will be recovered. A weekly Scrub and Balance are both recommended. Scrub actually takes longer.

References:

https://community.netgear.com/t5/Backing-up-to-your-ReadyNAS/Deleting-snapshots-over-SSH/td-p/1046740

https://kb.netgear.com/30068/ReadyNAS-OS-6-SSH-access-support-and-configuration-guides

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Bicycle Derailleur Adjustments
article #1130, updated 2374 days ago

If you bicycle much using the most common shifting systems, you’ll need these. Thus far I am finding the instructions on Liv’s Cycling to be best for the rear, and wikihow or madegood.org for the front. The most important thing yet learned: instructions often get the “H” and the “L” limit screws reversed for whichever bicycle you’re on. Got to check it for each derailleur, by seeing the slight movement per half-turn of each screw. General thoughts:

  1. Mounting position has to be right. This is not very confusing in the various web resources studied.
  2. Each derailleur, front and rear, has an H screw and an L screw. On each, one screw sets the max deflection towards the frame, the other sets the max deflection away from the frame. These are called limit screws.
  3. Cable tension can simulate one of the limit screws. Use the tension caps on the gear control, or (when they are there) the caps on the derailleurs themselves, to relieve tension, to verify that you are seeing reality of limit screws, not the simulation of the cable tension :-) Which screw tension simulates, also varies by make and model and type of derailleur.

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BBQ sauce with no added sugar
article #1116, updated 2422 days ago

This is “Cornell Chicken Barbecue Sauce”, created in 1950 by Robert C. Baker in order to encourage certain kinds of agriculture, especially that of chicken. The sauce remains extremely popular in certain places. And it has no added sugar, unlike every BBQ sauce this writer has ever seen in many supermarkets.

1 cup cooking oil
1 pint cider vinegar
3 tablespoons salt
1 tablespoon poultry seasoning
1/2 teaspoon pepper
1 egg

Beat the egg, then add the oil and beat again. Add other ingredients and stir. The recipe can be varied to suit individual tastes. Leftover sauce can be stored in a glass jar in a refrigerator for several weeks.

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General Instructions for Computer
article #1111, updated 2427 days ago

  1. Turn on.
  2. Move mouse and press buttons until done.
  3. Turn off.

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Delete snapshots from at least some NETGEAR ReadyNASes
article #872, updated 3154 days ago

Update your firmware first to the latest, and then try this:

http://kb.netgear.com/app/answers/detail/a_id/23407/~/how-do-i-delete-snapshots-using-the-recovery-mode-on-my-readynas-os-6-storage

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